The Borobodur Temple complex is one of the greatest monuments in the world. It is of uncertain age, but thought to have been built between the end of the seventh and beginning of the eighth century A.D. For about a century and a half it was the spiritual centre of Buddhism in Java, then it was lost until its rediscovery in the eighteenth century. The structure, composed of 55,000 square meters of lava-rock is erected on a hill in the form of a stepped-pyramid of six rectangular storeys, three circular terraces and a central stupa forming the summit. The whole structure is in the form of a lotus, the sacred flower of Buddha. For each direction there are ninety-two Dhyani Buddha statues and 1,460 relief scenes. The lowest level has 160 reliefs depicting cause and effect; the middle level contains various stories of the Buddha's life from the Jataka Tales; the highest level has no reliefs or decorations whatsoever but has a balcony, square in shape with round walls: a circle without beginning or end. Here is the place of the ninety-two Vajrasattvas or Dhyani Buddhas tucked into small stupas. Each of these statues has a mudra (hand gesture) indicating one of the five directions: east, with the mudra of calling the earth to witness; south, with the hand position of blessing; west, with the gesture of meditation; north, the mudra of fearlessness; and the center with the gesture of teaching. Besides being the highest symbol of Buddhism, the Borobodur stupa is also a replica of the universe. It symbolizes the micro-cosmos, which is divided into three levels, in which man's world of desire is influenced by negative impulses; the middle level, the world in which man has control of his negative impulses and uses his positive impulses; the highest level, in which the world of man is no longer bounded by physical and worldly ancient desire. It is devotional practice to circumambulate around the galleries and terraces always turning to the left and keeping the edifice to the right while either chanting or meditating. In total, Borobodur represents the ten levels of a Bodhisattva's life which he or she must develop to become a Buddha or an awakened one.
Erected in the 10th century by the ancient Hindu-Javanese rulers, this magnificent shrine is elaborately ornamented with designs of the utmost delicacy. Walking about the main shrine, people will notice the sub-basement underfacing upon which the temple is built. This itself is not part of the temple, but forms its foundation. This multisides basement is ornamented with many varied sculptured reliefs, such as flowersand trees, and are popularly refered to as the "Prambanan motifes adminitsniches" off sculped lion and filleted paners is the well known "Wishing tree motive". The combination of these various motifs brought with such delicacy, and so well preserved make this temple, known as the Slender Virgin, "The Siva Temple". The main temple site located in the immediate are: To the North of this temple lies the Brahma Temple, and to the South the Wisnu Temple. This three ancient masterpieces of Hindu architecture are locally referred to as "Candi Prambanan" or the Prambanan Temple group. Perhaps one of the most majestic temple sites in Southeast Asia. Prambanan attracts a great many admirers each year from abroad. The first open-air theatre on the southern side of the temple was built in 1960 and the new theatre on the western side in 1988. During full moon evenings in the months of May to October, the Ramayana ballet is performed here. The prambanan temple complex lies among green fields and villages. It has eight shrines, of which the three main ones are dedicated to Shiva, Wisnu, and Brahma. The main temple of Shiva rises to a height of 130 feet and houses the magnificant statue of Shiva's consort, Durga.
Parangtritis is located in Parangtritis village, Kretek Sub distric, Bantul Regency some 27 km south of Yogyakarta. This beach is the most frequently visited by tourist and become their main destination. The beach can be reached by public transportation that serves Yogyakarta-Bantul-Imogiri-Parangtritis from bus station Giwangan, Yogya.
Parangtritis is an enchanting sloping beach combined with rocky hills, dunes, and white sandy beach. It is also a sacred place. Many people come to the beach to do meditation. Near tourist resorts, mainly:
- Parang wedang, this is a hot spring from which mineral water spouts up. Rooms are available to serve visitors who would like to take a bath with mineral water. According to the research, this water can heal all kinds of skin desease.
- Parangkusumo Beach, the western part of Parangtritis, where the Labuhan ceremony is held every year. People believe that the beach is the meeting place between the Mataram Kings and Kanjeng Ratu Kidul, the Goddess of the South Sea.